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Hints of Skull Cult Found at World's Oldest Temple

Hints of Skull Cult Found at World’s Oldest Temple

Hints of Skull Cult Found at World’s Oldest Temple

There are about 10 000 years, the already marked presence of Gobekli Tepe in southeastern Turkey could have been even more impressive, since human skulls could have hung on what is considered the oldest temple in the world.

According to new research published in Science Advance, three fragments of Neolithic skulls discovered by archaeologists in Gobekli Tepe show a unique post-mortem type change in the skull at the site.

The deep and proposed linear grooves uniquely altered cranium ever seen in the world in any context, says Julia Gresky, lead author of the study and anthropologist at the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin.

A detailed analysis with a special microscope showed that the grooves were made deliberately with a flint tool.

One of the fragments even a drilled hole, resembles skull changes made by the naga people of India who uses the hole to hang the skull in a chain.

The marks may appear only on some bone fragments that are between 10 000 and 7000 years old, but archaeologists believe that this discovery is very important and means that the company, like many others in this part of the world time Was a “cult skull” who revered the human skull after death.

Skull and bones
“Treatments of the skull are not rare in Anatolia,” said Gresky.

She explained that the archaeological remains of other sites in the region indicate that people generally buried their dead, then exhumed, remove skulls and show them creatively.

Other archaeologists have even found that the Neolithic peoples form new faces of the dead with plaster.

(Look at the face behind the skull of Jericho at 9500 years old).

Gobekli Tepe was of particular importance to people living near the Neolithic. “It was not a settlement area, but especially the monumental structures,” says the anthropologist.

The huge stone columns of the place and the position of choice on a hill with panoramic T-shaped views suggest that the hunters who lived here also had a somewhat complex culture and rituals were practiced.

Friends or enemies?
“This is an interesting skull modification that has not been documented in this part of the world or this period,” says Matthew Biologisteologue Velasco at Cornell University, who did not participate in the study.

But this discovery raises additional questions about the person to which the skulls belong and why they were treated in this way.

“There is a series of skull-changing behavior [from] the ancestors’ veneration to the rape of the enemy,” said Velasco, and this distinction can not be studied in Gobekli Tepe if additional discoveries are made.

In addition to the court and pit test, Gresky said other clues in the site show that this culture has a special meaning in skulls.

“We find representations as a person without a head on a pillar, or human stone heads. The iconography of the site particularly inside the skull.”

In Gobekli Tepe, there are no burial sites, but instead of bone human wells that are mixed with bones and flint tools, which means that additional context is needed to better understand the site.

“We are still at the beginning of the work of understanding the anthropology of the site,” Gresky said. “[H], we will find other fragments of bones and skull. Then we can have a clearer idea of ​​how these people lived.”